Soon after the famous record by Roger Maris was beaten, another baseball player, Jason Giambi and others came out to say they often used prohormones. The Congress was forced to convene a hearing after which it determined that steroids were not really a threat. Rather, it ruled out that it was the responsibility of professional sports organizations to supervise and regulate their use. The law was updated and an official definition of the term steroid was given as follow: an “anabolic steroid” means any drug or hormonal substance, chemically and pharmacologically related to testosterone (other than estrogens), progestins, corticosteroids, and dehydroepiandrosterone).
The legal status of anabolic steroids varies from country to country. In the ., anabolic steroids are listed as Schedule III controlled substances under the Controlled Substances Act , which makes the possession of such substances without a prescription a federal crime punishable by up to seven years in prison.  In Canada, anabolic steroids and their derivatives are part of the Controlled drugs and substances act and are Schedule IV substances, meaning that it is illegal to obtain or sell them without a prescription. However, possession is not punishable, a consequence reserved for schedule I, II or III substances. Those guilty of buying or selling anabolic steroids in Canada can be imprisoned for up to 18 months. Importing or exporting anabolic steroids also carry similar penalties.  Anabolic steroids are also illegal without prescription in Australia,  Argentina, Brazil, and Portugal,  and are listed as Schedule 4 Controlled Drugs in the United Kingdom.
The drug was prescribed to promote muscle regrowth in disorders which cause involuntary weight loss, and is used as part of treatment for HIV/AIDS . It had also been shown to be partially successful in treating cases of osteoporosis . However, in part due to bad publicity from its illicit use by bodybuilders , production of Anavar was discontinued by Searle Laboratories in 1989. It was picked up by Bio-Technology General Corporation, which changed its name to Savient Pharmaceuticals , which following successful clinical trials in 1995, released it under the tradename Oxandrin.  BTG subsequently won approvals for orphan drug status by the Food and Drug Administration for treating alcoholic hepatitis , Turner syndrome , and HIV-induced weight loss . It is also indicated as an offset to protein catabolism caused by long-term administration of corticosteroids .